Pilot Certificates & Ratings

Certificates:

  • There are 3 overall types of certificates:
    • Pilot Certificates:
      • Student pilot
      • Sport pilot
      • Recreational pilot
      • Private pilot
      • Commercial pilot
      • Airline transport pilot
    • Flight instructor certificates
    • Ground instructor certificates

 

Private Pilot Ratings:

  • Aircraft category ratings:
    • Airplane
    • Rotorcraft
    • Glider
    • Lighter-than-air
    • Powered-lift
    • Powered parachute
    • Weight-shift-control aircraft
  • Airplane class ratings:
    • Single-engine land
    • Multiengine land
    • Single-engine sea
    • Multiengine sea
  • Rotorcraft class ratings:
    • Helicopter
    • Gyroplane
  • Lighter-than-air class ratings:
    • Airship
    • Balloon
  • Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings:
    • Weight-shift-control aircraft land
    • Weight-shift-control aircraft sea
  • Powered parachute class ratings:
    • Powered parachute land
    • Powered parachute sea
  • Aircraft type ratings:
    • Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air
    • Turbojet-powered airplanes
    • Other aircraft type ratings specified by the Administrator through the aircraft type certification procedures
    • Second-in-command pilot type rating for aircraft that is certificated for operations with a minimum crew of at least two pilots
  • Instrument ratings (on private and commercial pilot certificates only):
    • Instrument—Airplane
    • Instrument—Helicopter
    • Instrument—Powered-lift

 

Flight Instructor Ratings:

  • Aircraft category ratings:
    • Airplane
    • Rotorcraft
    • Glider
    • Powered-lift
  • Airplane class ratings:
    • Single-engine
    • Multiengine
  • Rotorcraft class ratings:
    • Helicopter
    • Gyroplane
  • Instrument ratings:
    • Instrument—Airplane
    • Instrument—Helicopter
    • Instrument—Powered-lift
  • Sport pilot rating

 

Ground Instructor Ratings:

  • Basic
  • Advanced
  • Instrument

 

References: